Understanding Dumping syndrome after Gastric Sleeve Surgery

Understanding Dumping syndrome after Gastric Sleeve Surgery

Gastric sleeve surgery is a  weight loss surgery that removes a large portion of the stomach, leaving a small “sleeve” or “tube.” This smaller stomach can hold less food, making people feel full more quickly. Some benefits of this weight loss surgery include improved blood sugar control and resolution of sleep apnea.

One of the potential side effects of gastric sleeve surgery is “dumping syndrome.” Dumping syndrome is a condition where food “dumps” from the stomach into the small intestine too quickly. This can cause nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and sweating. Read on to understand dumping syndrome, its causes, and how to manage it.

What Is Dumping Syndrome?

One of the common reasons for weight gain after a sleeve gastrectomy is Dumping Syndrome. It happens when the food you eat, especially sugary food, moves too quickly from your stomach into the small intestine without being properly digested.

Read more: What Causes Weight Gain After Gastric Sleeve Surgery?

Certain high-sugar foods like candy, cookies, cake, and soda can cause dumping syndrome. This is because they cause the contents of your stomach to empty too quickly into your small intestine. When this happens, you may feel nauseous and lightheaded and develop diarrhea. Dumping syndrome can be caused by eating large meals or drinking alcohol.

There are different stages of dumping syndrome.

In the early stage, which usually happens 10-30 minutes after eating, you may feel nauseous and lightheaded. You may also develop diarrhea, cramping, and bloating.

In the late stage, which usually happens 1-3 hours after eating, you may feel tired and weak. You may also develop a rapid heart rate, sweating, and diarrhea.

Tips to Avoid Or Manage Dumping Syndrome After Gastric Sleeve Surgery

1) Avoid Sugary and High-Carb Foods

It is best to avoid sugary and high-carb foods, especially if you are prone to dumping syndrome. These foods include candy, cookies, cake, bread, white rice, and foods made with white flour. Eating these foods can cause blood sugar to spike, triggering dumping syndrome.

2) Eat Smaller Meals

Eating smaller meals more often can help you avoid dumping syndrome. Eating 5-6 small meals daily is best instead of 3 large meals. A meal should be about the size of your fist.

3) Consume More Fruits and Vegetables

Fruits like bananas and melons can help to regulate blood sugar levels and are also easy on the stomach. Incorporate them into your diet slowly to see how your body reacts. Vegetables are high in fiber and nutrients, making them an essential part of a healthy diet. Introduce them into your diet slowly as well.

4) Drink Plenty of Water

Dehydration can worsen dumping syndrome, so drinking plenty of water throughout the day is essential. Aim for at least eight glasses of water a day. You may need even more if you’re sweating a lot or have diarrhea. Your doctor may recommend drinking drinks like Gatorade or Powerade to replace electrolytes.

For bariatric sleeve surgery in Maryland, contact Ascension Saint Agnes Hospital. We offer comprehensive care and support for patients before, during, and after surgery. Our experts will work with you to develop a plan that fits your unique needs.

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